Appendix cancer occur when abnormal cells in the appendix grow wildly to form a tumour. A Tumour may either becancerous or benign. A cancerous tumour is malignant. It can grow and spread to other parts of the body but benign tumour will not spread. Another name for Appendix Cancer is Appendicular Cancer. Tobacco users and smokers and people with family history are prone to get this disease. When cancer affects other parts of the body other than the place of origin it is termed as Metastatic appendix cancer by the doctors.
Survival rate for patients with Appendix cancer is 5 years depending on the size of the tumour and whether it has spread to other parts of the body or not. A patient detected with Appendix Cancer early can undergo cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC and can live for many years free of the diseases.
Symptoms of appendix cancer are bloating of stomach, reflux, and lack of appetite, constipation and/or diarrhoea, pain in the abdomen or pelvis area and shortness of breath.
Treatment options for Appendix Cancer are:
Surgery done by a surgical oncologist e removes the tumour along with a few healthy tissues through operation.
Different types of surgeries for Appendix Caner are:
- Appendectomy - for appendix carcinoid tumour whose size is smaller than 1.5 cm
- Hemicolectomy - for appendix carcinoid tumour larger than 2 cm and in case where the appendix cancers are not carcinoid, a hemicolectomy may be recommended.
- Debunking surgery - For appendix cancer which has reached at a later stage,
- Removal of the peritoneum - This is useful for patients with a very slow-growing tumour. Majority of the cancer cells are effectively removed by such surgery
- Chemotherapy given by a medical oncologists is the use of drugs whereby the cancer cells are destroyed. Prevent the cancer from coming back, depending on the stage of disease.
- Radiation therapy whereby high-energy x rays are used to kill cancer cells.
Remission and the chance of recurrence is also a possibility. It is called recurrent cancer. If it comes back in the same place it is called local recurrence, if it comes in a place nearby it is called regional recurrence and if it comes in a totally different part of the body then it is called distant recurrence.
When cancer reaches the advanced stage and is not curable it is termed as advanced terminal stage. Patients need a lot of care as this is very stressful.